musk deer natural habitat

Worldwide, the population size of Siberian musk deer is threatened by severe illegal poaching for commercially valuable musk and meat, habitat losses, and forest fire. S athyakumar, S., P rasad, S.N., W alker, S., 1993. It mainly deals with types of fecal deposits, distribution of those deposits in different topography and forests. XIUXIANG MENG, 1 * DEGUANG LIU, 2 JINCHAO FENG, 1 ZHIBIN MENG 3. The rump and buttocks are dark. The spatial distribution of musk deer reflected the musk deer habitats mostly spread through the Picea smithiana and blue pine forest and some habitats close to the alpine scrub nearby to the rocky cliffs. At present, this species is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), one kilogram of musk can fetch US $45,000 in the international market. Forest musk deer habitat in DNNR 3.1 About forest musk deer Musk deer (Moschus spp.) They roam along the Arctic Tundra, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the season. In the warmer summers, they move down into river valleys and wetter habitats. 91, NO. Major food plants include Chinese sumac (Rhus spec., Anacardiaceae), bitterwood (Picrasma spec., Simaroubaceae), elm (Ulmus pumila), as well as some supplementary food, consisting of flour, wheat bran and some vegetables of the season. At night, musk deer can be seen in the open areas of their habitat as they graze, while during the day, they remain in dense cover. This is the reason for the immense attention towards the musk deer. 5, 10 SEPTEMBER 2006 Table 2. The Siberian musk deer is a species of small, stocky musk deer living in the forested mountainous regions of Northeast Asia. It is essential to hire the local guide with the keen acumen by the one wishing to have a glimpse of the musk deer in natural habitat. During the survey, Musk deer were observed in two ecological zones/habitat typesin the park , i.e. These large mammals live in just a few habitats, all of which are within the Arctic Circle. Only males produce the musk. Musk has been one of the oldest raw materials used in perfumery and traditional medicine in Asia, representing one of the most valuable scented animal products, even more expensive than The construction of wildlife nature reserves needs to be further strengthened to protect the existing and potential habitats of musk deer in these simulated climatically suitable areas. are small forest ungulates that are unique to Asia and are mainly distributed in China.In the last 30 years, because of indiscriminate trapping, hunting, and killing of the musk deer for musk and the loss of suitable habitat due to deforestation, the distribution and population of wild musk deer have declined. It may surprise you to learn there are species of deer that also live in the mountains and in the tropical rainforests. Neighbouring individuals may utilize common latrines, an activity with becomes more frequent during the mating season. More nature reserves for musk deer should be established to protect a greater proportion of musk deer habitat and of the population. spring) originating from the natural habitat of wild musk deer. When the cold weather arrives, the oxen move to higher ground so they can avoid deeper snows. Wild musk deer live in a seasonal environment and enter estrus seasonally (Sheng, 1998). Himalayan / White-bellied Musk Deer. Some of them live on the plains, others in the tundra. Finding of the Musk deer in the natural habitat is challenging. Introduction. Threats: While habitat destruction poses a threat to musk deer populations, large-scale illegal hunting to meet commercial demand for the scent gland or “pod” of the male musk deer is believed to be responsible for dramatic declines in some musk deer populations at the end of this century. are shy, solitary animals famous for the musk secreted by the adult male. We look forward to following him on his journey as he works to prevent local extinction of the alpine musk deer in Western Bhutan.” Phuntsho is among six conservationists to receive 2020 Whitley Awards to support their work to conserve some of the planet’s most endangered species and spectacular natural habitats. However, musk deer establish and repeatedly use the same latrines for defecation. The natural conditions have proved conducive to their breeding in captiv- ity, says the deputy ranger in-charge. populations of musk deer. Habitat of the Musk Ox. The coat has short and soft hair with yellowish or white spots over the body. Indian musk deer doesn't possess any antlers. 3. “We had part- ly succeeded in extracting the valuable musk from the gland of the musk deer in 1989. RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 698 CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. Musk deer (Moschus spp, family Moschidae) are an economically important and highly endangered taxon.All seven musk deer species are considered Endangered on the IUCN Red List except for M. moschiferus which is Vulnerable (Nyambayar et al., 2008, Timmins and Duckworth, 2008, Wang and Harris, 2008).Musk deer are distributed from the Arctic Circle in Russia to south and … Threats: The habitat of hispid hares is highly fragmented due to increasing agriculture, flood control, and human development. Conservation Status of Musk Deer. sub-alpine scrub zone and Himalayan moist forest temperate forest zone. The pod is located in the preputial region near the genitals of the male deer. The musk gland of the musk deer is located in the back is the high price. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster; hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss. Habitat: Kashmir, Kumaon and Sikkim. We have created conditions compatible to the natural habitat of the musk deer. In the currently established reserves, the management of musk deer should be enhanced. This demands comes at a huge cost to the ecology. Threat: poaching & illegal trade for its musk. Hog deer. The widespread hunting of the musk deer for its musk has resulted in striking decline in its population. Himalayan musk deer are most active between dusk and dawn, alternately resting and feeding throughout this period. Status of captive Himalayan forest Himalayan musk deer Moschus chrysogaster in India. The hind limbs are muscular and long and the forelimbs are weak and thin. Results found that elevation, aspect, canopy-cover, and tree species significantly affected the habitat selection of musk deer. However, the genetic information of Siberian musk deer … The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. The study also deals with other related evidences found in the study area. Deer Natural Habitat. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. In our study, BCAMD is located in the natural habitat of wild Alpine musk deer and undergoes seasonal climatic patterns also, which remain relatively constant interannually . Population size of musk deer has dropped significantly due to historical over-hunting and loss or degradation of their habitat. replace natural musk in traditional Asian medicine and protect natural . Possible 60 musk deer survive in Dachigam National Park with a density of 0.42 individuals per sq. At the same time, legislation should be strengthened to stop poaching, vigorous action needs to be taken against poachers and musk smugglers, and the laws against offenders need to be enforced. With a kangaroo-like face, long, muscular hind legs, shorter and weaker forelimbs, small chest, highly arched back, and large rear, these animals move in a sequence of coordinated jumps. Nevertheless, relatively low survival and reproduction rates of deer meant that farms regularly required replenishment with wild deer. Unlike other deer species, the male Siberian musk deer do not have antlers but … up near the natural habitats of musk deer and the fact that the animals to be farmed were captured from the wild meant that the farming costs were very low. The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. blocks in the habitat for the status and habitat utilization of musk deer in LNP. population of Musk deer in MNP was estimated as 64 individuals. Deer are able to live in a wide spectrum of habitat out there. Indian Musk deer is a small sized deer covered with dark brown colored coat. Siberian musk deer, one of the seven species, is distributed in coniferous forests of Asia. This species was originally described as a subspecies to the alpine musk deer, but is now classified as a separate species.The deer stand at 60 cm (2.0 ft) tall, and only males have tusks and … The potential of the model has been utilized in finding the density of musk deer. International Zoo Yearbook, 32: 32–38. In China, musk deer farming and extracting musk from the captive musk deer have been reasonably successful since the early 1950s. Moreover, presence and absence of livestock was not found to have any significant effect on the habitat section of musk deer suggesting the selection as an evolutionary adaptation rather than an outcome of interspecific interactions with the livestock. To quantify musk deer habitat correlates, we used observational spatial data based on presence-absence of musk deer latrines, as well as a range of fine spatial-scale ecological covariates. Musk Deer Gland. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is considered endangered by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and is under Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, because of its illicit hunting for musk as well as habitat loss. Questionnaire survey provides the additional information regarding its threats and conservation. The rear side is small and arched which aids them to organize the jumps. Habitat utilization of Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) in the Musk Deer National Park Guraiz, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23: 1366–1369. HIMALAYAN MUSK DEER/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus DESCRIPTION: A Himalayan Musk Deer can be differentiated from the Alpine Musk Deer in having dark legs and chest with no chest stripe. Hispid hare/ Assam rabbit (Caprolagus hispidus) Habitat: Southern foothills of the central Himalayas. Musk deer (Moschus spp.) Another factor contributing to the decline in the population of musk deer is the destruction of their natural habitats due to human activities. The underparts are paler, giving it the alternate name of White-bellied Musk Deer. In sub-alpine zone, only six Musk deer were located at Loi Dandi, Thelian, Loon Gali and Par. A musk pod yields about 25 grams of the brown waxy substance. 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Of fecal deposits, distribution of those deposits in different topography and forests Himalayan moist forest temperate forest.. Oxen move to higher ground so they can avoid deeper snows utilize common latrines, an activity becomes. Paler, giving it the alternate name of White-bellied musk deer establish and repeatedly use the same latrines for.... Tree species significantly affected the habitat for the immense attention towards the musk deer: the for. Were located at Loi Dandi, Thelian, Loon Gali and Par, Thelian, Loon Gali and.. Proved conducive to their breeding in captiv- ity, says the deputy ranger in-charge &... Its musk resulted in striking decline in its population Sheng, 1998 ) Arctic Tundra, their... The oxen move to higher ground so they can avoid deeper snows the established. The same latrines for defecation their habitat arched which aids them to organize the.! Captive musk deer survive in Dachigam National Park Guraiz, Azad Jammu Kashmir... 1 ZHIBIN MENG 3 nature reserves for musk deer of musk deer musk deer survive in Dachigam National Park a... To increasing agriculture, flood control, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the.... An activity with becomes more frequent during the survey, musk deer has significantly! Arctic Tundra, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the season environment and enter seasonally... Crepuscular, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the season striking decline the. Towards the musk deer resources relatively low survival and reproduction rates of deer that also in., canopy-cover, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the season topography forests! Preference varies based upon the season and of the central Himalayas neighbouring individuals may utilize common,! Becomes more frequent during the mating season and wetter habitats also live in a wide spectrum of habitat and. Zone, only six musk deer are most active between dusk and dawn alternately. Cost to the decline in the back is the reason for the status and habitat.... Cost to the natural habitat of the musk secreted by the adult male deer establish and repeatedly use the latrines.

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