Many owners get scared to perceive that their dogs have swollen and red testicles. These unpleasant symptoms usually indicate the progress of an infectious process called orchitis. Next, we will explain what is orchitis in dogs and how to treat it to preserve the best health of your best friend. Article by https://jfrankhenderson.com/
What is orchitis in dogs?
The genitals of dogs are one of the most sensitive and vulnerable regions of their body since they can come in daily contact with dirt and pathogens. Consequently, there is an extensive list of diseases and complications that can affect the genital region of the can.
Orchitis in dogs is a type of infection that usually leads to inflammation in the testicles. For this reason, one of the main symptoms associated with this disease is red, swollen and inflamed testicles.
However, not all dogs that have inflamed testicles have orchitis. There are many possible causes for the inflammation of the testicles, such as exposure to chemicals. Therefore, it is essential to take your pet to the veterinarian to identify the cause of this anomaly in his genitals.
How do dogs develop orchitis?
In general, the infectious process begins from an injury or burn suffered in the genitals, especially in the testicles themselves or in the scrotum. For example, if a dog is injured during a fight or suffers a freeze burn during the winter.
If this lesion comes into contact with certain bacteria, an infectious process can begin. In this way, the wound acts as a ‘gateway’ for bacteria to the dog’s organism. Once inside your body, these agents can expand and reach the sperm ducts.
However, the development of an infectious process also usually depends on the state of each animal’s immune system. If the dog has a strengthened immune system, he may come into contact with pathogens and not develop a disease.
Orchitis symptoms in dogs
In addition to red and swollen testicles, dogs suffering from orchitis often feel pain. Consequently, they will hardly be allowed to touch or review in this region and may even prefer to isolate themselves to avoid being manipulated.
The pain, especially if it is intense, also usually hurts the behavior of the dog. Although this may vary according to each individual, many dogs are sadder and some may react aggressively.
Besides, the following symptoms associated with orchitis can be observed in dogs:
- Walk with the hind legs well apart (to avoid touching or rubbing the swollen testicles).
- Presence of pus in the testicles.
- Lick your genitals frequently, especially the testicles.
- Hardening of one or both testicles.
- Slower movements
Orchitis treatment in dogs
When identifying any symptoms mentioned above or perceiving that your dog has swollen testicles, it is essential to take it quickly to the veterinary center. Only a trained professional can verify the causes of this problem and recommend a specific treatment according to the patient’s needs.
In general, antibiotics are given in the treatment of orchitis to stop the infectious process and eliminate pathogenic bacteria. The veterinarian may also recommend an anti-inflammatory to combat swelling in the testicles and relieve the discomfort of the animal.
During the treatment, it will be essential that the dog has a clean, comfortable and quiet environment to recover more quickly. The absence of traumatic stress will help accelerate the effectiveness of the treatment.
How to prevent orchitis in dogs?
First, we must prevent our dogs from suffering injuries in such a sensitive region. For example, avoid escaping and getting involved in street fights, or avoid exposing them to cold and extreme winter weather changes.
Remember also that optimal hygiene is key to prevent the proliferation of bacteria, fungi, parasites and other pathogens in the home. Therefore, we must not neglect the cleaning and disinfection of the environment and the accessories used by our dogs.
Last but not least, it is essential to offer adequate preventive medicine to our pets throughout their lives. Besides, preventive visits to the veterinarian must be made every six months, and we must always keep your vaccinations and deworming up to date.